Epipremnum Aureum – Tips for Growing and Caring for Golden Pothos
Epipremnum aureum is the finest houseplant for growers who struggle to keep their plants alive. This plant thrives well in every kind of condition. It grows even in areas with no sunlight, which makes it great for shaded or dark corners. Epipremnum aureum is great for offices as it nurtures in fluorescent lighting.
Epipremnum aureum is even the first choice of various people as it requires no regular watering. So, people who forget to water their houseplants regularly can go for this one. The best part about this plant is that it holds the ability to purify the surrounding air. So, there is no reason whatsoever why you do need an Epipremnum aureum. So, let’s know more things in detail about this incredible plant!
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- Common Names
- Characteristics of Epipremnum Aureum
- Landscaping Features
- How to Grow Epipremnum Aureum?
- Tips for Growing Epipremnum Aureum
- Where To Buy The Golden Pothos?
- Tips for Proper Caring for Pothos
- Problems and Cures of Pothos
- Frequently Asked Questions regarding Devil’s Ivy
Generally, this plant is most commonly known as “Devil’s Ivy” as it continues to grow and become invasive even in circumstances that are not ordinarily good for houseplants. This houseplant is even referred to as the Golden Pothos. It belongs to the “Araceae” family.
In botanical terms, it is known as Scindapsus aureus among Europeans and Epipremnum pinnatum ‘Aureum’ among North Americans. Other names of this plant include Devil’s Vine, Hunter’s Robe, Taro Vine, Ceylon Creeper, Silver Vine, Ivy Arum, Solomon Islands Ivy, and Ivy Arum. Although the Golden Pothos and Epipremnum aureum are the two most common names, it is quite helpful to know about its different names. Despite so many names, this plant is easily identifiable from appearance alone.
Epipremnum aureum belongs to Mo’orea, which a French Polynesian island. Now, these plants have been naturalized in various locations such as China, Australia, Indonesia, West Indies, and Japan.
These plants grow in tropical forests all across the world. They are even known to source ecological damage in certain areas like Hawaii and Florida. These plants have even destroyed two rainforests in Sri Lanka due to its invasive property. They are likely to kill all neighboring plants by taking over them. Hence, the Golden Pothos is banned to grow outside in various US states.
Characteristics of Epipremnum Aureum
Epipremnum aureum shares its origins with the Solomon Islands. This houseplant is a climbing vine, which produces plentiful yellow-marbled foliage. Natively, it takes over tree trunks through tumbles and aerial rootlets as a ground cover along the surface. The Golden Pothos reaches up to a height of more than 40’. As a houseplant, it grows smaller up to 6-8’ in St. Louis.
The young plants of this plant variety feature waxy, bright, and heart-designed green leaves. These leaves are usually 4” long with white or yellow variations. Here, small berries follow after little arum flowers. However, indoor plants do not bear any berry or flower. Please note that all parts of Epipremnum aureum are poisonous if consumed.
Generally, Epipremnum aureum has four varieties to offer. These varieties include Marble Queen, Satin Pothos, Neon, and Pearls and Jade. The first variety is one of the most common ones out of all. Golden Pothos features a green and white marbling effect on its leaves. In order to stop leaves from turning to all green, these varieties require more light than other varieties.
Satin Pothos has leaves of gray color, which comprise of silver markings. These plants are kind of happy in low-lighting areas. They are even tolerant of drought. On the other hand, Neon Pothos is tolerant to several conditions like shaded areas. These plants thrive well in bright-lighting areas. They bear lime-colored green leaves, which are quite unusual with their glowing effect.
The last category, Pearls and Jade is an alteration of the marble green variety. These plants bear gray-green leaves along with a white marbling effect around their edges.
Devil’s Ivy supports various uses in the landscape. One can make them climb on a tree to get the tropical effect of their large leaves. For this purpose, you can use a fence or hang down the vine on a wall. You can even use these green plants as a ground cover or plant them in hanging baskets or large containers.
However, you need to be extra careful while planting Epipremnum aureum alongside hedges or shrubs due to its insistent growth tendencies. Otherwise, vines will grow into the hedge or shrub and eventually, take over it. On the other hand, when you use it as a ground cover, it needs continuous pruning so as to maintain it within an edge.
Epipremnum aureum is toxic to animals and even humans. These plants contain insoluble calcium oxalates that are poisonous if consumed. For this reason, it is recommended not to keep this plant around pets or small children as they may grab a bite of any part of this plant. Otherwise, just keep these plants out of reach on higher platforms.
If nibbled on this plant, it can cause severe irritation of the mouth, tongue, and lips. Plus, it even causes a painful burning sensation all inside the mouth. If ingested, it causes vomiting and stomach upset. In animals, you can look for symptoms like excessive pawing and drooling. It even makes it difficult to swallow or breathe by swelling up the airways in rare cases. So, keep a watch always!
How to Grow Epipremnum Aureum?
It does not take much to grow Devil’s Ivy. Anyone can opt for this plant as it is an easily-grown species. Here, you will get to know what all you need to grow an Epipremnum aureum.
Things You Will Need
- Peat moss
- Pruning shears
- Sand or perlite
- Watering can
- Spray bottle
- Soft cloth
In order to grow this houseplant, grab all the above-listed things. Now, just follow the instructions to grow the golden pothos. These steps include:
Step 1: Buy a seedling of this plant from a garden store or cut a tip from a plant. The cutting needs to be around 3-4 inches long with at least four leaves and terminal buds.
Step 2: Put this cutting or seedling into a pot with a well-draining mix, which needs to be two parts of sand or perlite, two parts of peat moss, and two parts of loam. Now, keep the pot in indirect light and water the plant well.
Step 3: Mist the foliage regularly to preserve humidity and fertilize the plant with a moderate fertilizer monthly. Also, trim the top to regulate the growth of the plant.
Tips for Growing Epipremnum Aureum
Here are some tips to grow a healthy golden pothos!
According to the Missouri Botanical Garden, when this plant grows in the wild, it reaches about 40 feet. This plant even grows up tree trunks. As a houseplant, you can stretch it across the wall or over a trellis kept in the container’s center.
Water and Light Needs
This plant is often suggested to beginners due to its ability to thrive in several conditions. It tolerates various light conditions. It grows well in well-lit rooms as well as rooms with no natural light. However, these plants prefer indirect light.
In terms of water needs, they need not much water. These plants can even tolerate drought but too much dryness can stunt their growth.
Growing in Soil and Water
One can grow this golden pothos in both soil and water. For growing these plants, just put them in a jar full of water or grow them in potting mix or soil. It depends on cutting or seedling. If you are using a part of the soil-grown plant, grow it in the same way. If a part of the water-rooted plant, follow the same method. The plant will take around 4 weeks to root.
Where To Buy The Golden Pothos?
Getting a money tree is not a big issue. One can get these golden pothoses from nearby garden stores or online. Here, you have “Golden Pothos” that is a popular variety with yellow leaves and “Marble Queen” is another great variety having white splashes, and then, you have “Neon” with brightly colored yellow-green leaves.
So, select a houseplant depending on your preference as all of these plants are very much easy to grow. Some of the plants are listed as follows:
1. Epipremnum aureum ‘Golden Pothos’
This plant is a yellow form of conventional pothos. The Golden Pothos grows more slowly as compared to traditional pothos. This vine can be placed in the vivarium’s back areas or directly into the background. You get this plant in a 2.5” pot.
2. Epipremnum- 4” Pot Neon Devil’s Ivy-Pothos
This houseplant bears chartreuse-green leaves, which resembles almost neon. This devil’s ivy makes a great pedestal or basket plant. It weighs around 8 ounces having dimensions as 4 x 4 x 4 inches. These plants are really easy to grow.
3. Marble Queen Devil’s Ivy
The proper name of this plant is Epipremnum (Scindapus) aureum ‘Marble Queen’. These plants like indirect light and often watering. The creamy white splashes on heart-shaped leaves give them a marbled look. The product arrives with a 4” pot.
4. Devil’s Ivy in 4” Glazed Ceramic Pot
You get this devil’s ivy plant in a 4” glazed ceramic pot. It weighs around 3.1 pounds. These plants arrive in really good shape. They grow easily under any circumstances. You just need to water them when they go dry.
5. Golden Devil’s Ivy-4” Pot
It is one of the easiest plants to grow. The proper name of this plant is Epipremnum (Scindapus) aureum. You need to water this houseplant only when it dries out. These plants like indirect light. You will get this plant in a 4” pot.
Tips for Proper Caring for Pothos
Here are some tips for taking proper care of this plant!
Make sure to allow the top of the soil around 2.5 cm to dry between watering patterns. Epipremnum aureum does not stand soggy soil. So, make use of a pot with a drainage opening at the bottom.
Golden Pothos requires normal room humidity or a bit more than 40% of relative humidity. If lower than that, the leaf tips of this plant turn brown.
When it comes to temperature, it needs to be somewhere between 18 to 27 degrees Celsius all year round for growing these plants.
To grow the golden pothos, you require good quality and all-purpose soil potting mix.
In winters, you need to fertilize the plant once in a month with a diluted fertilizer. Otherwise, you have to fertilize devil’s ivy every two weeks in seasons like fall and spring.
It is really easy for growers to know when they need to re-pot the golden pothos. These plants hurl aerial roots out while looking for new soil. The amusing part about these plants is that they even break free from the existing pot when they feel like moving up to a larger container.
Despite ideal light and water conditions, if your plant sheds its leaves, it is time to move it to a new container. For re-potting, you need a pot about one or two sizes bigger than the existing one. Insert the plant with potting soil and some pebbles at the bottom for better drainage.
These plants overgrow too easily while creating a messy look. That’s why they need regular pruning. You can prune them the way you want them to look. To give a fuller look, trim its stems back to the tips. Shake your plant often to prevent them from becoming messy or tangled.
Problems and Cures of Pothos
There are some problems that one can face while growing an Epipremnum aureum. Some of these issues are listed as follows along with their respective cures.
Stems of this plant grow over 4 ft. and even shed its leaves around the plant base. It is better to trim the longer stems on a frequent basis so as to keep the plant full and leafy. You can cut down bare stems from the soil point.
It results due to dry soil. To fix this, just water your plant regularly. After a while, your plant will turn back to the normal.
These gnats like wet potting mixes. These little black insects can be seen crawling on the soil. To get rid of them, you need to allow the soil to dry out between watering.
Falling Yellow Leaves
Plants face this issue as a consequence of overwatering. You can easily fix it after changing out the usual watering pattern. Also, you need to make sure you are making use of a well-draining mix. In addition to this, you need to empty the try to ensure that your plant does not sit in standing water.
To check the soil, put your finger in the soil before you water your plant. If you feel moisture, do not water your plant and wait for it to dry out. The other reason behind falling yellow leaves could be the need of the plant to be re-potted in a large pot.
This problem appears on an unexpected drop in temperature or due to overwatering. If the problem is the temperature, the leaves of your plant droop down. In that case, cut down the rotting stems and let your plant recover in a suitable and stable temperature.
If overwatering is the reason, you need to have a look at the root. To fix root rot, you have to repot your plant in new soil while adopting an appropriate watering pattern to avoid the same problem in the future. Now, it will continue to thrive after a recovery.
Brown tips of leaves indicate a humidity issue. If you notice browning tips, you need to increase humidity. For this, just mist your plant with a water spray on alternate days. After a while, the symptoms will go away.
It is different from brown tips. Here, the leaves’ edges turn dry, crispy, and brown. This symptom indicates that you are keeping your plant too much dry between watering patterns. It is not a very common problem as compared to overwatering. If appears, just water the plant frequently.
If your leaves turn solid green, this specifies that your plant requires more light. If the leaves turn to a faded or pale pattern, it is because of too much dazzling light. On receiving prolonged direct sunlight, the foliage goes lighter so as to protect itself from the heat.
On facing such issues, you can easily solve them after adjusting the lighting level that your plant receives. The variegation will return once in a suitably lit surrounding.
Frequently Asked Questions regarding Devil’s Ivy
Here, you will get some answers to frequently asked questions regarding this houseplant. So, let’s move on to these questions!
Q1. What’s the use of Epipremnum aureum?
A: The Golden Pathos can be used to brighten up a desk, windowsill, or desk. These plants boost air quality. You can place these plants indoors, even in your office. They make a perfect addition to any house garden.
Q2. How much does it grow?
A: As stated earlier, these plants can be invasive if not taken care of. Generally, they will cascade over two meters. You need to prune the plant so as to promote branching in springs.
Q3. Where to place this plant?
A: You can place this plant both indoors and outdoors. If outdoors, you need to place them somewhere with full to partial shade. If you are keeping it indoors, it can even cope with low-light conditions. So, it does not matter where you place it but always keep them away from the direct sunlight.
Q4. How far to space Devil’s Ivy?
A: Normally, you should give this plant an elbow space of around 30 cm.
Q5. Which soil conditions suit this plant the best?
A: In order to plant an Epipremnum aureum, you need a well-draining soil mix, which remains on the drier part. Please note that do not water this plant too often as it may kill your plant.
Now, you know everything about Epipremnum aureum. It is really an easy-to-grow plant, where there no efforts needed on your part. It thrives well in harsh conditions without water for several days and even light. All these things make it an ideal plant for all.
Epipremnum aureum looks perfect both indoors and outdoors. If you are looking for a plant for offices, what can be best than the golden pothos! So, just grab these green plants from a garden store or buy them online without stepping out of your house. Just water your plant and see them thriving without any hard work!
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