How Many Potatoes Per Plant? Closely-Guarded Secrets To Getting A Rich Harvest
Are you a gardener? Do you want to grow potatoes? Do you want to know about the yield of potato, ways to increase its yield, taking proper care of potatoes, soil and fertilizer requirements, preparation of seed potato, harvesting of potatoes, or any other thing related to growing potatoes? If yes, then you have reached the right place as in this article you will read about how many potatoes per plant and also this article will answer all the questions that are in your mind regarding the growth of potatoes.
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1. How Many Potatoes Per Plant?
Typically, seed potatoes are used to grow potatoes and many gardeners grow potatoes at home. The best part about growing potatoes is that potato plants yields harvest in abundance. In ideal conditions, per potato plant yields approximately 5-10 potatoes. The yield is totally depended on the care you give to the potato plant and the type of potatoes that you select to grow. Under, weed-free conditions, 2 pounds of potato seeds can generate 50 pounds of potatoes. This simplifies that a ten-foot potato plant row gives a yield of 15-60 pounds.
But as said before, the yield totally depends on the prevention from disease, weather conditions, care, and variety or type of potatoes. So, if a potato plant doesn’t get the ideal growing conditions, or gets diseased, then the expected yield of potatoes would go down. In such a scenario, you would obtain approximately 3-6 average-sized potatoes with a handful of small potatoes from every potato plant.
2. Increasing Yield
If you also grow potatoes yourself, then you might be looking for ways to increase the potato yield. It is quite disheartening to get a low yield or even more small potatoes. To help you deal with such a problem, here are a few tips mentioned below:
3. Proper Potato Care
Caring for growing potatoes needs cultivating, hilling, and proper watering. Here is how you need to go with these 3 requirements in detail.
You need to hill the potato stems at least one time during the whole season:
As discussed before, potatoes require medium quantities of water. Make sure that the water supply is even or else you might get cracked potatoes. Best sort of watering for potatoes is deep watering. It helps in transferring the water to the potatoes attached to the deepest of roots.
4. Soil and Fertilizer
Growing good quality, big potatoes requires correct preparation and type of soil at the time of plantation. The seed potatoes used as seeds need acidic, loose, and deep soil. It also needs high amounts of nitrogen and potassium, while plantation. After some time, they need extra shots of chemicals and fertilizers for proper formation of tubers in the potatoes. The quantity of fertilizer required totally depends upon the soil test results. Fertilizers can be used for potatoes in the following ways and categories:
5. Preparing The Potato Seed
Potatoes do not have seeds in them so they require a completely different process to grow. For selecting a potato as a seed potato, select the one, which has a lot of eyes on it. You need to carefully scrape out pieces having at least two eyes on each one of them and then these pieces can be used as seed potatoes.
You need to be completely sure that the soil offers the ideal temperature that helps in stimulating the seed potatoes to sprout. In case you aren’t sure about it, you would need to do that manually. Take a plastic bag and place a few banana peels in it. Add the seed potatoes to this bag. The banana peels emit a gas that changes the temperature, thus encouraging the seed potatoes to sprout.
You may also try another solution for this. Find a drawer that is present in a room that has a temperature of approximately 21-26 degree Celsius. Place the seed potatoes in this drawer for 3 days. After these 3 days, check if they are starting to sprout. If you plant already sprouted potato seeds, you can be sure that they would yield a produce and provide you with an advantage.
Let them set aside for a few days to let them cure properly before planting to reduce the risk of rotting. Some fresh seeds sprouted and ready to grow can be found in the market.
Once you have properly prepared seed potatoes, you need to know how to bury them in soil at the proper spacing. Take each potato chunk with at least two potato eyes on each one of them, and bury them in rows. In each row, the seeds are about 12 inches apart. Also, ensure that each potato row is placed 2-3 feet apart. Cover them with a 4 inch level of soil from above. For maximum yield, good plant cultivation is extremely crucial.
7. Soil Moisture
Potato is cool weather plant and grows best in the winter season. For this, you need to plant the seed potato in the early days of spring, if you are living in a temperate zone. If you live in a warmer region, then late winter is ideal for you. If you live in a hot tropical climatic condition, then plant them in the coolest period of the year.
The soil moisture levels depend on the climatic condition and region it is being grown in. Generally, there is a high requirement of moisture in the soil for growing potatoes. For best results, an approximately 130 day crop needs 600 mm of water. Some people use ANPHSIN bags or 247Garden bags to grow potatoes which can be utilized for a few seasons and not take up much space. These bags are strong enough to hold soil, water, and plants.
8. Problems That Decrease Yield
The potato yield can decrease drastically due to a few reasons. Read on to know more about the two most common reasons for a decrease in potato yield:
9. Harvesting Potatoes
For harvesting potatoes, you need to have a spading fork or a shovel. Dig in the fork at the outer portion of the potato plant and then carefully lift it up. Remove as many potatoes as you need and then set it back.
Next, you need to thoroughly water it so that it settles back properly. If you are confused about whether they are fully mature or not, then you should rub its skin. If it is hard and resolutely stuck to its flesh, then it indicates that they are ready to use.
10. How Can I Make My Harvest Better?
Here are a few tips that you should keep in mind to get a better harvest for your potatoes:
Through this article, you got to know everything about potatoes. You now know how many potatoes per plant, how you can increase the potato yield, ways to take care of potatoes, usage of fertilizers in soil, preparation of potato seeds, spacing requirements, soil moisture, problems that decrease the yield, how to harvest your potatoes, how to make that harvest better, and many more things.
Hopefully, now all your doubts about potatoes have been solved. So are you too planning to harvest potatoes and eat fresh self-grown potatoes whenever you wish? Then what are you waiting for? Now, that you know what all needs to be done and to be taken care of, you can start growing your own potatoes. The best part is that they are quite easy to grow.